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Government Of Assam Animal Husbandry & Veterinary

Livestock Census

  • History of Livestock Census in India

    For proper planning & formulation of any programme in the livestock sector, its effective implementation & monitoring, data is required at every possible administrative and geographic level. The Livestock Census is the main source of such data in the country. The first Livestock Census in India was carried out in 1919-1920. Since then it has been conducted once in every five years.

    Procedure of Livestock Census in Assam

    Livestock Census is conducted by Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Government of India, New Delhi with the help of A.H. & Veterinary Department, Government of Assam in our state.

    Enumerators/Supervisors are recruited from Officers & staffs of the A.H. & Veterinary Department, Government of Assam. If required, outsourcing also be done for the purpose. During the Census, the Enumerators/Supervisors develop a cordial relation with the inhabitants of the village/ward by meeting the concerned officials/persons in the village/ward like Gram Pradhan, Panchayat Members, Government Officials, Religious/Community Leaders, etc. and take them in confidence. This helps in removing the misapprehensions of the people and ease out hostility, if any, in the work of enumeration.

    During the enumeration, various species of animals (Cattle, Buffaloes, Sheep, Goat, Pig, Horse, Dog, Elephant, etc.) and birds (Fowl, Duck, other poultry birds, etc.) possessed by households, enterprises and institutions are counted at site. Data is generally presented separately for rural & urban areas. The data collected in the Census is utilised for planning and formulation of various schemes/programmes of Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Sector, and is also used for statistical purposes.

    Livestock Population of Assam

    As per the 19th livestock census’ 2012 (nos. in thousands)
    Cattle= 10307.70, Buffalo= 435.27, Sheep= 518.07, Goat= 6169.00, Pig= 1636.02 and Poultry= 27216.17

    Details of Cattle population of Assam

    As per the 19th livestock census’ 2012 (nos. in thousands)
    Cattle = 10307.70, Exotic/Cross Breed: Male = 76.33, Female = 319.57, Total = 395.90
    Indigenous: Male = 4216.41, Female = 5695.39, Total = 9911.80

    Details of Livestock and Poultry Population In Assam

    (In thousands)

    CATEGORY

    2007

    2012

    Cattle

      

    Total Exotic/Crossbred

    410.47

    395.9

    Total Indigenous

    9630.8

    9911.8

    Buffalo

    499.91

    435.27

    Sheep

      

    Total Exotic/Crossbred

    2.03

    9.49

    Total Indigenous

    351.77

    508.58

    Goat

    4320

    6169

    Horses & Ponies

    11.36

    14.15

    Mules

    0.01

    0.09

    Donkey

    0.06

    1.05

    Pigs

      

    Total Exotic/Crossbred

    559.6

    613.67

    Total Indigenous

    1440.83

    1022.35

    Dogs

    802.14

    527.52

    Rabbit

    5.9

    6.17

    Elephants

     

    0.45

    POULTRY

      

    Fowls

    20609.3

    19733.5

    Ducks

    8439.08

    7310.59

    Turkeys & Other Poultry

    11.86

    172.08

    Source: 19th Livestock Census, 2012