The schemes and projects available under Directorate of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary include:
Lifestock Health and Disease Control (LH&DC) Programme
This is a macro-management scheme with the following components in Assam:
- Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases (ASCAD). This is being implemented on 75:25 sharing basis between the Centre and the State. However, 100 % assistance is provided for training and seminar/workshops. The state chooses the diseases for immunization as per the prevalence in the region.
- National Project on Rinderpest Eradication (NPRE). The main objective is to maintain required vigil to sustain the country‟s freedom from Rinderpest & Contagious Bovine Pleuro-Pneumonia (CBPP) infection secured in May 2006 and May 2007, respectively. Presently surveillance is going on for assertaining the freedom status.
- Professional Efficiency Development (PED). The objective of this scheme is to regulate veterinary practice and to maintain register of veterinary practitioners as per the provisions of Indian Veterinary Council Act, 1984 (IVC Act). The Central Govt. provides 100% funds for functioning of Veterinary Council of India (VCI) & UTs Veterinary Council and 50% funds for functioning of State Veterinary Councils.
- National Animal Disease Reporting System (NADRS). The objective of the project is to streamline reporting of animal diseases via a computerized system linking each Taluka / Block, District and State Headquarters to a Central Disease Reporting and Monitoring Unit at the DADF in New Delhi.
- Establishment & Strengthening of Veterinary Hospital and Dispensaries (ESVHD). This scheme helps the States to set up infrastructure for new veterinary hospitals and dispensaries and to strengthen/equip the existing ones. The funding pattern has been changed during 2015-16 to 60:40 between Centre and State and 90:10 for the 8 North-East and 3 Himalayan States between Centre:State.
- Foot and Mouth Disease Control Program (FMD-CP)
Foot and Mouth disease of cloven footed animals (cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat etc) is a serious problem for farmers as this disease is responsible for huge economic loss for them. The disease is characterized by development of vesicles in foot, mouth, udder etc.
For prevention of the economic losses due to FMD and to develop herd immunity the program of controlling the disease is implemented in all the states of India. In Assam it is now implemented in 15 districts and will be expanded to cover entire state. Under this program half yearly vaccination of the entire cattle and buffalo population is emphasized.
- Peste-des- Petis Ruminants control Program (PPR-CP)
Peste-des- Petis Ruminants (PPR) is a viral disease of sheep and goat. Affected animals shows high fever, inflammation and ulceration in mucous membranes (visible in mouth and nostrils), nasal discharge and diarrheoa. Death rate is also high.
The disease causes huge losses to rural economy. To control this disease PPR-CP is launched and vaccination of all the sheep and goat of the state is being undertaken. A single dose of the vaccine can confer protection to the animal for about 4 years. Therefore annual vaccination needs to be done only for the new generation of the population.
- Brucella-Control Program
Brucellosis is an important disease of animals which have the capability to infect human also. It causes abortion and infertility in animals and undulant fever in human. The disease had been recorded in several areas of Assam and cross bred/ exotic animals are found to be more prone to this disease in this region. Female animals are mainly responsible for propagation of the causative agent.
A single dose of vaccine if given in the early calf-hood can protect the animal for its entire life. Considering these aspects, the Brucella control program is going to be launched to vaccinate all the cross bred female calves (aged between 4- 9 months) of the state within this financial year and will be continued every year for protecting the newly grown up female calves.
- Classical Swine Fever Control Programme (CSF-CP). This was added in the scheme of LH&DC during 2014-15. Classical swine fever is highly contagious, potentially fatal viral disease that is a major constraint to the development of pig farming in North-East India where it is a main source of livelihood for many.
Rural Backyard Poultry Development (RBPD) Programme
The scheme launched in 1999-2000 was initially restricted to North-East States. One-time assistance is being provided to suitably strengthen the farms in terms of hatching, brooding and rearing of the birds. Besides income generation, rural backyard poultry provides nutrition supplementation in form of valuable animal protein and empowers women.
100% Assistance to State Poultry Farms
The objective is to assist State Poultry/Duck Farms for strengthening them in terms of hatching, brooding and rearing of the birds with provision for feed mill and their quality monitoring and in-house disease diagnostic facilities.
Integrated Sample Survey (ISS)
The main objective of the scheme is to estimate the production of milk, egg, wool and meat in the state. The Central Government provides grant-in-aid to the States on 90:10 for North-East states for the implementation of the scheme. The major part of the funds is utilized on the salaries and allowances of the staff employed under the scheme.
Animal Disease Surveillance and Regulatory Medicine Laboratory (NERDDL)
For animal disease diagnostic services, the North East Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (NERDDL) – the fifth of its kind in India, with state of art facility has been set up at Guwahati.
National Programme on Bovine Breeding (NPBB)
National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB) focuses amongst other things on extension of the Field Artificial Insemination (Al) Net work, monitoring of Al programme, development and conservation of indigenous breeds and establishment of breeders' associations and societies to encourage conservation and development of recognized indigenous breeds.
Rashtriya Krishi Vikash Yojana (RKVY)
It is a is a State Plan Scheme of Additional Central Assistance launched in August 2007. Sericulture and Allied activities to boost production of high quality silk was included since 2010. The objective is to increase production of agricultural crops and farm income by a minimum 4% annual growth.
National Livestock Mission (NLM)
The project has commenced from 2014-15 and has four sub-missions including:
- Fodder and Feed Development
- Livestock Development
- Pig Development in North-East Region
- Skill Development , Technology Transfer and Extension